About

LinkPhysio is started by Saurab Sharma, PhD which is an initiative to improve evidence-based practice, share recent knowledge with health professionals and students of health care in Nepal and other developing countries.

This website also encourages the active participation of health-professionals including physiotherapists and students to write evidence-based articles on a topic to aware recent evidence-base in the topic. It also encourages patients and the members of the general public to write about their health conditions that may trigger a bidirectional conversation between health care professionals and patients or consumers.

The website primarily focuses on topics relevant to clinical practices in physiotherapy and or contents that are critical to becoming a good clinician.

Saurab Sharma is a musculoskeletal physiotherapist from Nepal. He has a Ph.D. which aimed to improve pain assessment, management and research in Nepal. He completed his Ph.D. from the University of Otago, New Zealand. After working for 3 years as a teaching assistant/physiotherapist at the Kathmandu University School of Medical Sciences/Dhulikhel Hospital, he studied Master of Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy from at Manipal University and completed in 2013. See his master’s thesis here. He worked for another additional 3+ years in the same institution as a Lecturer in Physiotherapy. He got promoted to an Assistant Professor in 2017. He joined Ph.D. to study pain at Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, New Zealand in February 2017.

He is a member of International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) and Cochrane Back and Neck Review Group. He is an active pain and outcome measure researcher. He has served as an advisor to Nepal Physiotherapy Association (NEPTA) and an active subject committee member to Physiotherapy at Nepal Health Professional Council (NHPC). He has presented papers and delivered keynote talks in 10 countries in reputed conferences in Physiotherapy, Manual Therapy and Pain. Likewise, he has won numerous prizes, awards, bursaries and grants.

Research Interests:

  1. Understanding factors that contribute to pain.
  2. Interventions to address mind and body for the management of pain using Randomized Controlled Trials and Systematic reviews/ Meta-analyses.
  3. Cross-cultural comparisons of (bio-psycho-social) factors in (chronic) pain.
  4. Development and cross-cultural adaptations of patient-reported outcome measures into newer languages and assessment of their measurement properties.

Peer reviewed publications

  1. Lim, W. S., Sharma, S., & Devan, H. (2020). Physiotherapists’ attitudes towards and challenges of working in a referral-based practice setting – a systematic scoping review. European Journal of Physiotherapy, 1-12. doi:10.1080/21679169.2020.1739748
  2. Brown, P., Consortium, R. (….Sharma, S.), & Zhou, Y. (2019). Large expert-curated database for benchmarking document similarity detection in biomedical literature search. Database, 2019. doi:10.1093/database/baz085
  3. Pathak, A., Sharma, S., & Jensen, M. P. (2020). Hypnosis for clinical pain management: A scoping review of systematic reviews. OBM Integrative and Complementary Medicine 2020;5(1):27; doi:10.21926/obm.icm.2001005.
  4. Sharma, S., Ferreira-Valente, A., Williams, A.C., Abbott, J.H., Pais-Ribeiro, J., Jensen, M.P. (2019). Group differences between-countries and between-languages in pain-related beliefs, coping, and catastrophizing in chronic pain: A systematic review. Pain Medicine. Doi:10.1093/pm/pnz373.
  5. Sharma, S., & Jensen, M. P. (2019). Cross-cultural adaptations of patient-reported outcome measures can be very useful. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. doi: 10.1016/j.rehab.2019.09.012
  6. Croft, P., Sharma, S., & Foster, N. E. (2019). Primary care for low back pain: we don’t know the half of it. Pain. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001752
  7. Ferreira-Valente, A., Sharma, S., Torres, S., Smothers, Z., Pais-Ribeiro, J., Abbott, J. H., & Jensen, M. P. (2019). Does Religiosity/Spirituality Play a Role in Function, Pain-Related Beliefs, and Coping in Patients with Chronic Pain? A Systematic Review. J Relig Health. doi:10.1007/s10943-019-00914-7
  8. Sharma, S., Blyth, F., Mishra, S.R., Briggs, A.M. Responding to the burden of pain in low- and middle-income countries is needed to support healthy ageing. J Glob Health. 9(2), 020317. doi: 10.7189/jogh.09.020317.
  9. Sharma, S., Jensen, M. P., Pathak, A., Sharma, S., Pokharel, M., & Abbott, J. H. (2019). State of pain research in Nepal: A systematic scoping review. Pain Reports, 9(4),e788. Doi:10.1097/PR9.0000000000000788.
  10. KC, S., Sharma, S., Ginn, K., Almadi, T., & Reed, D. (2019). Nepali translation, cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties of the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI). J Orthop Surg Res, 14(1), 284. doi:10.1186/s13018-019-1285-8
  11. Nepal, G. M., Basaula, M., & Sharma, S. (2019). Inter-rater reliability of Timed Up and Go test in older adults measured by physiotherapist and caregivers. Eur J Physiother, 1-7. doi: 10.1080/21679169.2019.1623313
  12. Ribeiro, D. C., Abbott, J. H., Sharma, S., & Lamb, S. E. (2019). Process evaluation of complex interventions tested in randomised controlled trials in musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open, 9(5), e028160. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028160
  13. Sharma, S., Jensen, M. P., Moseley, G. L., & Abbott, J. H. (2019). Results of a feasibility randomised clinical trial on pain education for low back pain in Nepal: the Pain Education in Nepal-Low Back Pain (PEN-LBP) feasibility trial. BMJ Open, 9(3), e026874. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026874
  14. KC, S., Sharma, S., Ginn, K., Almadi, T., Subedi, H., & Reed, D. (2019). Cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties of the Nepali version of the DASH (disability of arm, shoulder and hand) in patients with shoulder pain. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 17(1), 51. doi: 10.1186/s12955-019-1105-1
  15. Sharma, S., Traeger, A.C., Mishra, S.R., Sharma, S., Maher, C.G. (2019). Delivering the right care to people with low back pain in low- and middle-income countries: the case of Nepal. J Glob Health. June 2019: Vol. 9 No. 1: 010304. doi: 10.7189/jogh.09.010304.
  16. Sharma, S., Pathak, A., Jha, J., & Jensen, M. P. (2018). Socioeconomic factors, psychological factors, and function in adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain from rural Nepal. J Pain Res11, 2385. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S173851
  17. Sharma, S., Abbott, J. H., Jensen, M.P. (2018). Why clinicians should consider the role of culture in chronic pain. Braz J Phys Ther. doi: 10.1016/j.bjpt.2018.07.002
  18. Sharma, S., Jensen, M.P., Moseley, G.L., Abbott, J. H. (2018). Pain Education for patients with non-specific low back pain in Nepal: Protocol of a feasibility randomized clinical trial (PEN-LBP Trial). BMJ Open, 8(8), e022423. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022423
  19. Pathak, A., Sharma, S., Jensen, M.P. (2018). The Utility and Validity of Pain Intensity Rating Scales for use in Developing Countries. Pain Reports. PR9 00 (2018) e672 http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/PR9.0000000000000672
  20. Sharma, S., Palanchoke, J., Abbott, J. H. (2018). Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Nepali translation of the Patient-specific functional scale. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther: Volume:48 Issue:8 Pages:659–664. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2018.7925
  21. Sharma, S., Abbott, J. H., Pathak, A., Jensen, M.P. (2018). Psychometric properties of the Nepali version of the Connor Davidson Resilience Scales in individuals with chronic pain. Health Qual Life Outcomes, 16(56). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-018-0884-0
  22. Sharma, S., Thibault, P., Abbott, J. H., & Jensen, M. P. (2018). Clinimetric properties of the Nepali version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale in individuals with chronic pain. J Pain Res, 2018, 265-276. https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S153061
  23. Sharma, S., Palanchoke, J., Reed, D., & Abbott, J.H. (2017). Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric properties of the Nepali versions of numerical pain rating scale and global rating of change. Health Qual Life Outcomes15(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-017-0812-8
  24. Sharma, S., Pathak, A., & Jensen, M. (2016). Words that describe chronic musculoskeletal pain: implications for assessing pain quality across cultures. J Pain ResVolume 9, 1057-1066. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/jpr.s119212
  25. Sharma, S., Shrestha, N., & Jensen, M. (2016). Pain-related factors associated with lost work days in nurses with low back pain: A cross-sectional study. Scand J Pain11, 36-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2015.11.007
  26. Sharma, S., Balthillaya, G., Rao, R., & Mani, R. (2016). Short-term effectiveness of neural sliders and neural tensioners as an adjunct to static stretching of hamstrings on knee extension angle in healthy individuals: A randomized controlled trial. Phys Ther Sport, 17, 30-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.03.003 (PEDro score for quality assessment = 8/10)
  27. Reed, D., Shakya, N., Pokhrel, S., Sharma, S. (2015). The Role of Physical Therapists in the Medical Response Team Following a Natural Disaster: Our Experience in Nepal. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther.;45(9):644-646. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.0108
  28. Acharya, R.S., Khadgi, B., Shakya, N.R., Adhikari, S.P., Basnet, S.M.S., Sharma, S., Webb, G., Saleh, O.S. (2011). Physiotherapy awareness among clinical doctors in Nepal. Journal of Institute of Medicine. Aug, Vol. 33 Issue 2, p1-15. 15p.

Published Abstracts:

  1. Sharma, S., Jensen, M.P., Moseley, G.L., Abbott, J.H. (2018). Pain education for patients with low back pain in Nepal: results from PEN-LBP feasibility clinical trial. Pain Reports. PAIN Reports: May/June 2019 – Volume 4 – Issue 3 – p e753; doi: 10.1097/PR9.0000000000000753, Meeting Proceedings
  2. Sharma, S., Pathak, A., Abbott, J.H., Jensen M.P. Responsiveness and minimum important change of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale and Connor Davidson Resilience Scales in individuals with chronic pain; presented at International Association for the Study of Pain Congress on 15th September, 2018, Boston Convention and Exhibition Centre, Boston, MA, USA.
  3. Sharma, S., Jensen, M.P., Moseley, G.L., Abbott, J.H. (2018). A randomized clinical trial evaluating the effectiveness of pain education for low back pain in Nepal is feasible: The PEN-LBP trial; presented at Otago Medical School Research Society Conference on 22nd August 2018, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
  4. Sharma, S., Pathak, A., Abbott, J.H., Jensen M.P. (2018). Psychometric properties of Nepali versions of the Connor Davidson Resilience Scales and the Pain Catastrophising Scale in individuals with chronic pain. Journal of Pain. Vol. 19, Issue 3, S59.
    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2017.12.150
  5. Sharma, S., Maharjan, R., Pathak, A., Abbott, J.H., Correia, H., Jensen M.P. (2018). Psychometric properties of Nepali versions of PROMIS short-form measures of pain intensity, pain interference, pain behavior, depression, and sleep disturbance. Journal of Pain. Vol. 19, Issue 3, S59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2017.12.152
  6. Sharma, S., Cleland, J. (2016).Effect of tensioner neural mobilization on the flexibility of contralateral lower extremity. Manual Therapy. 25.e118.
  7. Sharma, S., Nepal, G.M., Khadgi, B., Acharya, R.S. (2016). Physiotherapist’s role in a disaster situation- An experience of Nepal earthquake 2015. Manual Therapy. 25.e113.
  8. Sharma, S., Jensen, M.P.(2016). The words people use to describe chronic pain: A cross-cultural comparison. Journal of Pain. 17 (4): S7.
  9. Sharma, S, Balthillaya, G., Rao, R.,Mani, R. (2015). The effectiveness of neural sliders and neural tensioners as an adjunct to static stretching on hamstrings flexibility: A randomized controlled trial. Physiotherapy. 101:E1372. DOI: 10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.1311

Other non-indexed publications

  1. Development and testing of pain education programme for low back pain in Nepal: The PEN-LBP Trial, on 16th May, 2019 (https://bodyinmind.org/pain-education-nepal-pen-lbp-trial/)
  2. How to get started with pain research? A story from Nepal, on 8th March, 2018 (https://www.theicecreamblog.com/single-post/2018/03/07/How-to-get-started-with-pain-research-A-story-from-Nepal)
  3. What pain-related factors are associated with lost work days in nurses? – published in www.bodyinmind.org, on 18th October 2016. (https://bodyinmind.org/pain-lost-work-days-nurses/)
  4. Neural mobilization improves hamstring flexibility, published in www.anatomy-physiotherapy.com , on July 2016. (https://goo.gl/XGxJrW).
  5. A view of pain from Nepal – published in www.noijam.com, 5th September 2015. (https://noijam.com/2015/09/04/a-view-of-pain-from-nepal/)

Grants, Awards and Honors

  1. Grant – Maurice and Phyllis Paykel Travel Grant to attend Back and Neck Pain Forum to present a paper, 3 – 6 July 2019 [NZ$ 1000 toward travel support and registration]
  2. Scholarship – North American Pain School (NAPS) Scholarship to attend Pain Training in Montebello, Quebec, Canada; 23 – 28 June 2019 [Can$ 1500 towards travel support and registration, accommodation is covered].
  3. Grant – Global Challenge Research Funds (x2) from the University of Dundee to collaborate on chronic pain and neuropathic pain research in Nepal; 2018 – 2019 [GBP 21,500]
  4. Grant – Pain, Mind, and Movement Special Interest Group of International Association for the Study of Pain travel grant to attend and present at Pain Science in Motion Conference on 1 – 2 June 2019, in Savona, Italy [US$ 1000]
  5. Grant – Pain@Otago (Pain Research theme of University of Otago) Conference travel grant, 7th March 2019 [NZ$1000 towards the support of conference registration, travel, and accommodation]
  6. Grant – Conference travel grant from University of Otago to present at the World Confederation for Physical Therapy Conference, 10 – 13 May 2019 [NZ$ 2000 towards the support of conference registration, travel, and accommodation]
  7. Financial award – International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) to attend World Pain Congress in Boston, the USA; 12 – 16 September 2018 [US$ 1,600 and registration waiver]
  8. Bursary- World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) to attend and present papers at WCPT Congress 2017 in Cape Town between 2 – 4 July, 2017 [US$ 950].
  9. Scholarship- International Federation of Physiotherapy Regulator Authorities (INPTRA) to deliver a talk at INPTRA conference on 30th June and 1st July 2017 in Cape Town, South Africa [US$ 2,500].
  10. Scholarship- University of Otago Doctoral Research Scholarship to pursue PhD in Medicine at the Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand in December 2016 for a period of three years (February 2017 to January 2020) [NZ$ 75,000].
  11. Financial award- International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) to attend IASP Pain Conference in Yokohama, Japan between 26 – 30 September, 2016 [US$ 1,000]
  12. Bursary- International Federation of Orthopaedic Manipulative Physical Therapists (IFOMPT), Glasgow, Scotland between 4th – 8th July, 2016 [GBP 2,000]
  13. Research Grant- Developing Countries Collaborative Research Grant by International Association for Study of Pain (IASP) with Dr. Mark P Jensen, Professor at University of Washington, Seattle in June 2015 for upto three years (July 2015 – June 2018) [US$ 15,000].
  14. First Prize- Poster Presentation at Pain Adelaide Conference, Adelaide Convention Centre, Adelaide, Australia, on 29 March, 2015 [Aus$ 500].
  15. Bursary- Developing country stipend for attending Cochrane Colloquium in Hyderabad, India in September 2014.
  16. First Prize- Poster Presentation- Title “Cervicogenic headache and Physiotherapy Management” on free poster presentation competition organized by Department of Physiotherapy, Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal University, India on 8th September 2012.
  17. University rank- University Third rank in Neurology and Neurosurgery and Seventh rank in General Medicine Examination in B.P.T. Third Year, 2005.
  18. University rank- University Fifth rank in Microbiology and Pathology examination and Ninth rank in Pharmacology examination, in B.P.T. Second Year, 2004.
  19. University rank- University seventh rank in Anatomy examination, B.P.T. First Year, 2003.
  20. Best out-going student in 10+2 Examination- Himalayan White House International College, Naya Baneswar, Kathmandu, Nepal, Year 2002.
  21. Best out-going student School Leaving Certificate- Sunrise Boarding School, Lazimpat, Kathmandu, Nepal, Year 2000.